Resource-Net has been analysing these markets for almost 20 years. So it can rightly claim to be among the leading sources worldwide of market data and intelligence on metallurgical coke and coal.
A technical dicussion of these commodities follows:
Coke is produced by the destructive distillation of metallurgical coal in either vertical (by-products recovery) or horizontal (non-recovery) batteries. Its main use is as a reductant in the iron-making blast furnace. Various metallurgical and chemical processes also require coke's reducing properties. Foundry coke, with low ash (7-10%) and large sizing (>90mm), is used in cupola furnaces for the production of iron castings and stone wool insulation. Coke breeze is used in ore-sintering processes, as well as a sacrificial buffer in the manufacture of electrodes.
A coking coal is one that can be converted into coke by heating in the absence of air to drive off the hydrocarbons. When heated to a sufficiently high temperature, the coking coal passes through a transient plastic phase in which it softens, swells and then solidifies into a coherent cellular coke. A coal's “caking” properties are the main determinant of its suitability for coke production. Various caking tests measure its tendency to swell, become plastic and re-solidify during de-volatilization. To be suitable for coking, the coal must also produce a coke that meets certain strength and hardness requirements.
Anthracite is a low-volatile (<10%), high fixed carbon (>80%) coal used in industrial and other applications, as well as power generation (the latter accounts for the major part of total anthracite demand by far). We primarily divide the anthracite market into applications needing sized lumps and those for fines (<10mm typically). Anthracite lumps can be used as a low-cost replacement to metallurgical coke in various industrial processes, as well as a household fuel. They are also calcined (dried) for electrode and steelmaking applications. The main application for anthracite fines is as a fuel in ore sintering and pelletizing applications.
Resource-Net offers monthly subscription reports on the coke, coking coal and anthracite markets. Key features of our research are the following:
Subscribers to Resource-Net reports can be assured of a long-term consistency in the research approach.
The quality of the research and analysis is not affected by frequent personnel changes, as experienced by large consulting companies, nor do we use outside consultants. Subscribers worldwide to our research services include:
Of the 200 plus customers for the monthly research reports, just over half are situated in Europe or "near Europe" (i.e. Russia, Ukraine, Turkey). The remainder are dispersed worldwide - in both North and South America, Asia, South Africa and Australia.
Over the past 20 or so years, Resource-Net has accumulated an extensive knowledge of the metallurgical coke, coal and related markets. It can therefore undertake research assignments, for example:
Any site visitor with a requirement for such research is welcome to contact Resource-Net. A proposal would be prepared for research falling within our scope of expertise. It should be noted, however, that our preference is to work with companies which are already subscribing to our research services.
Resource-Net was established in 2000 by Andrew Jones.
A graduate in metallurgy from the University of Sheffield (UK), Andrew Jones has more than 20 years' experience in commodity research and analysis. In addition to his metallurgical qualification, he holds an MSc in Multinational Commerce from Metropolitan College, Boston University.